COLORADO REVISED STATUTES
*** This document reflects changes current through all laws passed
at the Second Regular and First Extraordinary Sessions
of the Sixty-Eighth General Assembly of the State of Colorado 2012
and Constitutional and Statutory amendments approved at the General Election on November 6, 2012 ***
TITLE 19. CHILDREN'S CODE
ARTICLE 1.GENERAL PROVISIONS
PART 3. RECORDS AND INFORMATION
C.R.S. 19-1-303 (2012)
19-1-303. General provisions - delinquency and dependency and neglect cases - exchange of information - civil penalty
(1) (a) The judicial department or any agency that performs duties and functions under this title with respect to juvenile delinquency or dependency and neglect cases or any other provisions of this title may exchange information, to the extent necessary, for the acquisition, provision, oversight, or referral of services and support with the judicial department or any other agency or individual, including an attorney representing state or county agencies and an attorney appointed by the court, that performs duties and functions under this title with respect to such cases. In order to receive such information, the judicial department, attorney, or agency shall have a need to know for purposes of investigations and case management in the provision of services or the administration of their respective programs. The judicial department or the agencies shall exchange information in accordance with paragraph (b) of this subsection (1).
(b) The judicial department, an agency, an attorney representing an agency, or an attorney appointed by the court described in paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) shall exchange information with the judicial department or similar agencies or individuals who have a need to know to the extent necessary for the acquisition, provision, oversight, and referral of services and support and if provided in the course of an investigation or for case management purposes. The provision of information by the judicial department shall include electronic read-only access to the name index and register of actions for agencies or attorneys appointed by the court to those case types necessary to carry out their statutory purpose and the duties of their court appointment as provided in this part 3. The state court administrator of the judicial department and the executive directors of the affected agencies shall ensure that there is a process for electronically exchanging information pursuant to this section. Agencies, attorneys, and individuals shall maintain the confidentiality of the information obtained.
(c) Nothing in this section shall require the exchange of information that is subject to the attorney-client privilege under section 13-90-107 (1) (b), C.R.S.
(2) (a) School personnel may obtain from the judicial department or agencies described in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section any information required to perform their legal duties and responsibilities. Said personnel shall maintain the confidentiality of the information obtained.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, any criminal justice agency or assessment center for children in the state may share any information or records concerning a specific child who is or will be enrolled as a student at a school with that school's principal or with the principal's designee and, if the student is or will be enrolled at a public school, with the superintendent of the school district in which the student is or will be enrolled or the superintendent's designee as follows:
(I) Any information or records, except mental health or medical records, relating to incidents that, in the discretion of the agency or center, rise to the level of a public safety concern including, but not limited to, any information or records of threats made by the child, any arrest or charging information, any information regarding municipal ordinance violations, and any arrest or charging information relating to acts that, if committed by an adult, would constitute misdemeanors or felonies; or
(II) Any records, except mental health or medical records, of incidents that such agency or center may have concerning the child that, in the discretion of the agency or center, do not rise to the level of a public safety concern but that relate to the adjudication or conviction of a child for a municipal ordinance violation or that relate to the charging, adjudication, deferred prosecution, deferred judgment, or diversion of a child for an act that, if committed by an adult, would have constituted a misdemeanor or a felony.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, a criminal justice agency investigating a criminal matter or a matter under the "School Attendance Law of 1963", part 1 of article 33 of title 22, C.R.S., concerning a child may seek disciplinary and truancy information from the principal of a school, or the principal's designee, at which the child is or will be enrolled as a student and, if the student is enrolled in a public school, from the superintendent of the school district in which the student is enrolled, or such superintendent's designee. Upon written certification by the criminal justice agency that the information will not be disclosed to any other party, except as specifically authorized or required by law, without the prior written consent of the child's parent, either the principal of the school in which the child is enrolled, or such principal's designee, or, if the student is enrolled in a public school, the superintendent of the school district in which the student is enrolled, or such superintendent's designee, shall provide the child's attendance and disciplinary records to the requesting criminal justice agency. The criminal justice agency receiving such information shall use it only for the performance of its legal duties and responsibilities and shall maintain the confidentiality of the information received.
(d) School and school district personnel receiving information pursuant to this subsection (2) shall use it only in the performance of their legal duties and responsibilities and shall otherwise maintain the confidentiality of the information received. Any information received by a school or a school district pursuant to this subsection (2) that is shared with another school or a school district to which a student may be transferring shall only be shared in compliance with the requirements of federal law.
(2.5) (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary and in addition to the provisions of subsections (1) and (2) of this section, assessment centers for children and the agencies, other than schools and school districts, participating in the local assessment centers for children are authorized to provide and share information, except for mental health or medical records and information, with each other, without the necessity of signed releases, concerning children who have been taken into temporary custody by law enforcement or who have been referred to the assessment center for children for case management purposes. Agencies shall have annually updated signed agreements with assessment centers for children to be considered a participating agency.
(b) For purposes of sharing information pursuant to this subsection (2.5) only, "mental health or medical records and information" shall not include the standardized mental illness screening. An assessment center that conducts a standardized mental illness screening on a child who has been taken into temporary custody by law enforcement or has been referred to the assessment center for children for case management purposes may share the results of such screening, without the necessity of a signed release, with the agencies, other than schools and school districts, participating in the assessment center for children. To receive the results of the standardized mental illness screening, a participating agency shall have a need to know for purposes of investigations and case management in the administration of its respective programs. Any participating agency receiving such information shall use it only for the performance of its legal duties and responsibilities and shall maintain the confidentiality of the information received, except as may be required pursuant to rule 16 of the Colorado rules of criminal procedure.
(2.7) (a) Upon the receipt of written notice sent by a foster parent, employees of the department of human services and of county departments, or other individuals with a need to know, shall be prohibited from releasing personally identifiable information about a foster parent, other than the foster parent's first name, to any adult member of the foster child's family, unless the foster parent subsequently provides his or her express written consent for the release of the information. The consent may consist of a hand-written note by the foster parent specifying the foster child's name, the consent for release of information to the foster child's family, the foster parent's signature, and the date. The consent shall be given individually for each foster child, unless the foster children are members of a sibling group.
(b) The civil penalty described in subsection (4.7) of this section shall not apply to any foster child or siblings of the foster child.
(3) and (4) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2000, p. 315, § 2, effective April 7, 2000.)
(4.3) School and school district personnel, employees of the state judicial department, employees of state agencies, employees of criminal justice agencies, and employees of assessment centers for children who share information concerning a child pursuant to this part 3 shall be immune from civil and criminal liability if such personnel or employee acted in good faith compliance with the provisions of this part 3.
(4.4) The judicial department, with respect to dependency or neglect cases or any other provisions under this title, shall exchange information, to the extent necessary, with the state child support enforcement agency and the delegate child support enforcement units for the purposes of effectively locating responsible parties, establishing paternity and child support, including child support debt pursuant to section 14-14-104, C.R.S., enforcing support orders, disbursing collected child support payments, and facilitating the efficient and effective delivery of services under articles 13 and 13.5 of title 26, C.R.S.
(4.7) Any person who knowingly violates the confidentiality provisions of this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of up to one thousand dollars.
(5) The provisions of this section shall be in addition to and not in lieu of other statutory provisions of law pertaining to the release of information. Access to information not otherwise addressed by this section shall be governed as otherwise provided by law.
(6) For purposes of this section:
(a) "Assessment center for children" is defined in section 19-1-103 (10.5).
(a.1) "Case management purposes" is defined in section 19-1-103 (16.5).
(a.3) "Criminal justice agency" is defined in section 19-1-103 (34.6).
(b) "Need to know" is defined in section 19-1-103 (77.5).
(c) "School" is defined in section 19-1-103 (94.3).
(7) This section shall be interpreted to promote the best interests of the child and, where possible, the child's family.
(8) to (10) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2008, p. 1242, § 4, effective August 5, 2008.)
HISTORY: Source:. L. 96: Entire part added with relocations, p. 1156, § 6, effective January 1, 1997.L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 315, § 2, effective April 7.L. 2001: (2)(c) amended, p. 870, § 1, effective June 1.L. 2002: (2.5) amended, p. 575, § 5, effective May 24.L. 2003: (4.4) added, p. 1267, § 56, effective July 1.L. 2004: (2.7) added, p. 973, § 2, effective August 4.L. 2007: (8), (9), and (10) added, p. 1300, § 1, effective July 1.L. 2008: (1), (8), (9), and (10) amended, p. 1242, § 4, effective August 5.
Editor's note: Subsection (6)(c) was originally enacted as subsection (6)(a.7) in House Bill 00-1119 but was renumbered on revision in 2003 for ease of location.